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Buffalos are domestic animals from family Bovidae, from Asia originally. They are used to produce meat and milk for human consumption. Buffalo domestic are not wild and aggressive animals like Bison or American Buffalo.
. The gestation period for buffalos can vary from 278 to 311 days, about 9 to 10 months; they depend on the region and the breed.

In Brazil, four breeds are recognized by the Brazilian Association of Buffalo Breeders: the Mediterranean, Murrah, Jaffarabadi (Buffalo-of the-river) and Carabao (buffalo-of the swamp). The Mediterranean breed cattle are italian, they can both produce meat or milk, they have medium and small size.

The Murrah breed, from India, are animals with medium conformation and compact, light-headed and short horns, spiral curled up into rings at the height of skull.

The Buffalos are docile, which facilitate the breeding and handling and they got well adapted to wet environmental conditions. As their skin is black and even with a few black furs, they suffer hard when they are under the sunlight and it becomes difficult as the buffalos have to dissipate the extracorporeal heat, , due to the reduced number of sweat glands. For this reason, in their breeding environment, they need pond or lake to be immersed the hottest hours of the day, getting their body the thermoregulation, areas of shadow

Several reports in different countries have highlighted the excellent performance of buffalo meat as a producer, and they have less saturated fat, cholesterol and calories and higher protein content when compared to other prime meat produced by domestic animals.